Climate in north India is generally hotter than south India whereas the South India gets more humid due to nearby coasts. Himachal Pradesh being a hilly region, experiences a pleasant weather throughout the year with heavy snow fall during the winter months. Though they experience hot summers, temperatures during the coldest months generally fall as low as 0 °C (32 °F). The net atmospheric heating due to aerosol absorption causes the air to warm and convect upwards, increasing the concentration of moisture in the mid-troposphere and providing positive feedback that stimulates further heating of aerosols.[102]. Weather in Himachal Pradesh. Thousands of people have been displaced by ongoing sea level rises that have submerged low-lying islands in the Sundarbans. Get Shimla's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Onset dates and prevailing wind currents of the southwest summer and northeast winter monsoons. [67][68] El Niño-related droughts have also been implicated in periodic declines in Indian agricultural output. Himachal Pradesh is a land of cultural diaspora! Punjab's three-season climate sees summer months that span from mid-April to the end of June. [3] India later merged into the southern super continent Gondwana, a process beginning some 550–500 Ma. But it is seen that in 13 states and UTs, the percentage of children in rural areas breastfed within an hour of birth was greater than urban areas. On the other hand, Ladakh has a total area of about 33,554 square miles. The Climate of any place is dependent on various geographical factors. The Punjabi climate is also governed by extremes of hot and cold. About 4500 m, is perpetual snow. Its capital city is Shimla. [64], Indian agriculture is heavily dependent on the monsoon as a source of water. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. [17] The rainy season lasts from June to September; annual rainfall averages between 750–1,500 mm (30–59 in) across the region. This resulted in a massive flood basalt event that laid down the Deccan Traps some 60–68 Ma,[6][7] at the end of the Cretaceous period. In contrast to norm, Agumbe in the Shivamogga district receives the second highest annual rainfall in India. [40], The main factor behind this shift is the high summer temperature difference between Central Asia and the Indian Ocean. [24] In terms of environmental lapse rate, ambient temperatures fall by 6.5 °C (11.7 °F) for every 1,000 metres (3,281 ft) rise in altitude. These wildlife sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh add much more fun to this mesmerizing place. What is the difference between the ethnic groups of Himachal Pradesh + Punjab and Tamil Nadu + Kerala? Indias climate can be classified as a hot tropical country, except the northern states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir in the north and Sikkim in the northeastern hills, which have a cooler, more continental influenced climate.. IMD-designated post-monsoon season coincides with the northeast monsoon, the effects of which are significant only in some parts of India. Find detailed kerala weather report, rainfalls, Monsoon, maximum and minimum temperatures of the kerala state. Languages. Areas situated at elevations of 1,070–2,290 metres (3,510–7,510 ft) receive the heaviest rainfall, which decreases rapidly at elevations above 2,290 metres (7,513 ft). New Delhi: Himachal Pradesh became the fifth Indian state — after Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Kerala — to confirm cases of avian flu after 1,800 migratory birds were found dead in the state’s Pong Dam Lake in the Kangra district. Climate in South India is generally hotter and extremely humid than North India. 1) The most humid is the tropical wet climate—also known as tropical monsoon climate—that covers a strip of southwestern lowlands abutting the Malabar Coast, the Western Ghats, and southern Assam. This may have contributed to the global Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event, which caused India to experience significantly reduced insolation. Spiti is the driest area of the state, where annual rainfall is below 50 mm. | Hilly and mountain ranges Kerala 1. Elevated carbon dioxide emissions also contributed to the greenhouse effect, causing warmer weather that lasted long after the atmospheric shroud of dust and aerosols had cleared. Dust storms having a velocity of 48–64 km/h (30–40 mph) are most frequent in May and with second maximum in April and June. The most important cities in the region of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is a part of India and has an east-west extension of about 170 km. [89] There is only a small increase in the frequency of heat waves, which contrasts with most regions of the world. From north to south it is approximately 240 km. Due to ample monsoon rains, India has only one subtype of this climate under the Köppen system: Cwa. forest cover, and climate. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). The most exciting things to do during these seasons are to cruise in the houseboats on the backwaters of Kerala, to see the beauty of sunset from Kovalam beach during summer, boating in the Thekkady lake, trekking in the highlands of Kerala during winter etc. | Slightly warm temperature Based on observations, heat wave related mortality has increased in India prior to 2005. [31] The rainy season begins in June. The weather is pleasant and comfortable in the season. During the post-monsoon or autumn months of October to December, a different monsoon cycle, the northeast (or "retreating") monsoon, brings dry, cool, and dense air masses to large parts of India. In most parts of India, this period marks the transition from wet to dry seasonal conditions. It is a tropical land with, generally, pleasant climate. Other dangers include frequent summer dust storms, which usually track from north to south; they cause extensive property damage in North India[56] and deposit large amounts of dust from arid regions. [92] Temperature rises on the Tibetan Plateau are causing Himalayan glaciers to retreat, threatening the flow rate of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, Yamuna, and other major rivers; the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of farmers depend on these rivers. At this time, the climate is pleasant, comfortable and mild. Though the absolute number of tourist reaching Uttarakhand is much more than to that of Himachal Pradesh. Summers are hot and dry with daytime temperatures around 41 °C (106 °F) and nights no lower than 29 °C (84 °F). Winter and early summer are long and dry periods with temperatures averaging above 18 °C (64 °F). [12] The Himalayas, along with the Hindu Kush mountains in Pakistan, prevent cold Central Asian katabatic winds from blowing in, keeping the bulk of the Indian subcontinent warmer than most locations at similar latitudes. In the Lower Himalayas, landslides are common. |- By the end of November, it has left the country.[40]. The local time is now Sunday, 8:57 am. The void left by the jet stream, which switches from a route just south of the Himalayas to one tracking north of Tibet, then attracts warm, humid air. However, Northeast India receives the most precipitation. AREA 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi)CAPITAL ShimlaPOPULATION 6,856,509LANGUAGE Hindi, Pahari, Punjabi,Dogri, Kangri and KinnauriBEST TIME TO VISIT March to JuneClimate• Avg. [80] The village, which sits at an elevation of 1,401 metres (4,596 ft), benefits from its proximity to both the Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal. The reason is that it is enclosed by high mountains on all sides.[ Climate of Himachal Pradesh, |- |- It is also to keep them warm and protect the head from the cold breeze and chilly climate. These are the spring season (Sanskrit: vasanta), summer (grīṣma), monsoon season (varṣā), autumn (śarada), winter (hemanta), and prevernal season[27] (śiśira). There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). Many regions have starkly different microclimates, making it one of the most climatically diverse countries in the world. [91], Sea level rise, increased cyclonic intensity, increased ambient temperatures, and increasingly fickle precipitation patterns are effects of climate change that have affected or are projected to impact India. [2], During the Triassic period of some 251–199.6 Ma, the Indian subcontinent was part of a vast supercontinent known as Pangaea. Tourism can be of different types i.e. During winters, temperatures in some areas can drop below freezing due to waves of cold air from Central Asia. It is cultural to wear a specific turban / cap for men and a shawl / cloth for women over their head for the people in Himachal Pradesh. | 55% the thermometer goes up to 88°F°C and it rains about 6.1in each month. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). These conditions, not hostile actions, caused more than 97% of the roughly 15,000 casualties suffered among Indian and Pakistani soldiers during the Siachen conflict. In December, the coldest month, temperatures still average around 20–24 °C (68–75 °F). The height differences in Himachal Pradesh are quite pronounced, and the topography brings forth a wide variety of vegetation and wildlife. [100], Thick haze and smoke originating from burning biomass in northwestern India[101] and air pollution from large industrial cities in northern India[102] often concentrate over the Ganges Basin. Photo caption: The alternate layering of wood and stone is typical to this style of architecture in Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh: Weather-Friendly Architecture . Temperatures of 50 °C (122 °F) and higher have been recorded in parts of India during this season. [citation needed], 3) East of the Thar Desert, the Punjab-Haryana-Kathiawar region experiences a tropical and sub-tropical steppe climate. India's geography and geology are climatically pivotal: the Thar Desert in the northwest and the Himalayas in the north work in tandem to create a culturally and economically important monsoonal regime. The heavy rains in July and August cause a lot of damage resulting in erosion, floods and landslides. | Lahaul Spiti and Kinnaur range Words fail to define the mixture of different cultures one can see here. Snowy Landscape: Parts of Himachal Pradesh Experience Snowfall on Wednesday Wet Conditions to Continue over Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka Until January 9; Heavy Rains, Thunderstorms In … Himachal Pradesh, state of India, in the extreme northern part of the Asian subcontinent. [57] Rising population and development pressures, particularly from logging and tourism, cause deforestation. It begins in April and continues till the beginning of October, when the monsoon rains start to fall. Disaster-prone regions in India, shaded by type. India's two island territories, Lakshadweep and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, are also subject to this climate. Kerala is an Indian state situated on the Malabar Coast of south-west India. Snowfall at elevations of nearly 3000 m is about 3 m and lasts from December start to March end. The zone, a transitional climatic region separating tropical desert from humid sub-tropical savanna and forests, experiences temperatures that are less extreme than those of the desert. The biggest cities are Shimla and Solan. Hence, without artificial irrigation, this region is not suitable for permanent agriculture. [42], The southwest monsoon arrives in two branches: the Bay of Bengal branch and the Arabian Sea branch. Get detailed information on Temples in Himachal Pradesh including History, Photos, Temple Timings, Puja Schedule, Map, Videos and more. Temperatures are around 35 °C (95 °F) but humidity is very high; nights are around 27 °C (81 °F). These extra-tropical low-pressure systems originate in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. It is drought-prone, as it tends to have less reliable rainfall due to sporadic lateness or failure of the southwest monsoon. Areas south of the Himalayas are largely protected from cold winter winds coming in from the Asian interior. Climate-related natural disasters cause massive losses of Indian life and property. December and January are the coldest months, with the lowest temperatures occurring in the Indian Himalayas. ROHIT KUMARROLL NO. different between Uttarakhand and Himachal. 2) In India a tropical wet and dry climate is more common. It occupies a region of scenic splendor in the western Himalayas, offering a multitextured display of mountains, gorges, thickly forested valleys, lakes, fields, and streams. Climate of Himachal Pradesh The climate varies across the state with the altitude. The biggest cities are Shimla and Solan. [47] Though the India Meteorological Department (IMD) and other sources refers to this period as a fourth ("post-monsoon") season,[48][49][50] other sources designate only three seasons. They cross India diagonally from northeast to southwest. [72] The 2015 Indian heat wave killed more than 2,500 people. Once the dry northeast monsoon begins in September, most precipitation in India falls on Tamil Nadu, leaving other states comparatively dry. [23] Most summer rainfall occurs during powerful thunderstorms associated with the southwest summer monsoon; occasional tropical cyclones also contribute. With peak winds of 160 miles per hour (257 km/h), it was the equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane. Traditionally, North Indians note six seasons or Ritu, each about two months long. The state is known all over the world for its rich biodiversity. Of all the state districts, Dharamsala receives the highest rainfall, nearly about 3400 mm. 3 years ago. Such climatic events are likely to change in frequency and severity as a consequence of human-induced climate change. [41] This is accompanied by a seasonal excursion of the normally equatorial intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), a low-pressure belt of highly unstable weather, northward towards India. In most of India summer is very hot. Summer 28 °C (82 °F)Precipitation 1,469 mm (57.8 in) The mountain ranges prevent western winter disturbances in Iran from travelling further east, resulting in much snow in Kashmir and rainfall for parts of Punjab and northern India. | Valley areas and foothills Crops- Rice, Spices, Banana, Tea, Coffee, Tapioca, Rubber 2. comparison means we have to write both similarities and differences. [citation needed]. [18] However, parts of West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Mumbai also receive minor precipitation from the north-east monsoon. The Bay of Bengal branch, which initially tracks the Coromandal Coast northeast from Cape Comorin to Orissa, swerves to the northwest towards the Indo-Gangetic Plain. In winter, there is much less rainfall in Manali than in summer. For the people of Himachal Pradesh, every day is nothing much less than a celebration or jubilation. These hot winds greatly affect human comfort during this season. There is a large diurnal range of about 14 °C (25.2 °F) during summer; this widens by several degrees during winter. If severe climate changes occurs, Bangladesh and parts of India that border it may lose vast tracts of coastal land. As India further cools during September, the southwest monsoon weakens. Get Shimla's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Out of all the state districts, Dharamshala receives the highest rainfall, nearly about 3,400 mm (134 in). With the coming of the Carboniferous, global cooling stoked extensive glaciation, which spread northwards from South Africa towards India; this cool period lasted well into the Permian. Map showing winds zones, shaded by distribution of average speeds of prevailing winds. Between the months of january and february the climate is correct. India hosts two climatic subtypes- tropical monsoon climate, tropical wet and dry climate that fall under this group. Difference Between Kerala and Tamilnadu. [23] Once their passage is hindered by the Himalayas, they are unable to proceed further, and they release significant precipitation over the southern Himalayas. The nation's climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert. [38] Attracted by a low-pressure region centred over South Asia, the mass spawns surface winds that ferry humid air into India from the southwest. [citation needed]. | Cool temperature with humidity [95] Ecological disasters, such as a 1998 coral bleaching event that killed off more than 70% of corals in the reef ecosystems off Lakshadweep and the Andamans and was brought on by elevated ocean temperatures tied to global warming, are also projected to become increasingly common. Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a … This is a question to the people of India as well as Indian diaspora in North America, Europe & Australasia. Such anomalies have occurred during a sustained warm spell that began in the 1990s. | % of total geographical area Summer 28 °C (82 °F)Precipitation 1,469 mm (57.8 in) 2) Most of western Rajasthan experiences an arid climatic regime (Hot desert climate). Monsoon season in Kerala comes twice a year. [51] Depending on location, this period lasts from October to November, after the southwest monsoon has peaked. The marinated fish is cooked in the minimal spices to keep the nutrients and the original taste of Trout intact. Ongoing and future vegetative changes, sea level rise and inundation of India's low-lying coastal areas are also attributed to global warming. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Around the end of the century, most parts of India will likely face more and more severe droughts. To bear with the cold climate of Himachal Pradesh they wear a special shoe made of dried grass. India's northernmost areas are subject to a montane, or alpine, climate. [9], More recently, in the Holocene epoch (4,800–6,300 years ago), parts of what is now the Thar Desert were wet enough to support perennial lakes; researchers have proposed that this was due to much higher winter precipitation, which coincided with stronger monsoons. In the weeks before the monsoon temperatures are similar to the above, but high humidity makes the air more uncomfortable. The state of Himachal Pradesh is spread over an area 55,673 km 2 (21,495 sq mi) and is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on the north, Punjab on the southwest, Haryana on the south, Uttarakhand on the southeast and Tibet on the east. Dust and black carbon, which are blown towards higher altitudes by winds at the southern margins of the Himalayas, can absorb shortwave radiation and heat the air over the Tibetan Plateau. December to March are the driest months, when days with precipitation are rare. The coolest month of the year, on average, is January; April and May are the warmest months. Kerala and Ladakh are two mountainous regions of India that show some differences between them. In South India, particularly the hinterlands of Maharashtra, parts of Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh, somewhat cooler weather prevails. Most of Northeast India and much of North India are subject to a humid subtropical climate. Geography- Has 600+ Km of coastline in the west and Western ghats in the east. [32] Eastern India's climate is much milder, experiencing moderately warm days and cool nights. Kerala climate describes the equable and tropical climate in Kerala. Winter 7 °C (45 °F)• Avg. The climate of Uttar Pradesh varies from Temperate in Eastern Uttar Pradesh to Extreme in Western UP to Semi Arid in Bundelkhand and Agra zone. Thus, climates ranging from nearly tropical in the foothills to tundra above the snow line can coexist within several hundred metres of each other. [25], The India Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four climatological seasons:[26]. The state is known all over the world for its rich biodiversity. Another striking feature of summer is the Loo (wind). It strikes the Indian mainland around 1 June near the Malabar Coast of Kerala. In February 2005, more than 200 people died when, in four days, a western disturbance brought up to 2 metres (6.6 ft) of snowfall to parts of the state. As in much of the tropics, monsoonal and other weather patterns in India can be strongly variable: epochal droughts, heat waves, floods, cyclones, and other natural disasters are sporadic, but have displaced or ended millions of human lives. See what kind of activities you … [70] A contrasting phenomenon is that, instead of the usual high pressure air mass over the southern Indian Ocean, an ENSO-related oceanic low pressure convergence centre forms; it then continually pulls dry air from Central Asia, desiccating India during what should have been the humid summer monsoon season. It carries winds that have already lost their moisture out to the ocean (opposite from the summer monsoon). The winters are mild, pleasant, and dry with average daytime temperatures around 29 °C (84 °F) and nights around 12 °C (54 °F) with virtually full sun and clear nights. The India Meteorological Department doubts the validity of 55 °C (131 °F) readings reported in Orissa during 2005. The two Himalayan states in the east, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh, receive substantial snowfall. The pleasant and good climate of Kerala is attracted by many tourists every year. In some parts of India, the failure of the monsoons results in water shortages, resulting in below-average crop yields. The country's meteorological department follows the international standard of four seasons with some local adjustments: winter (January and February), summer (March, April and May), monsoon (rainy) season (June to September), and a post-monsoon period (October to December). | Alpine zone Soil- Sandy and Laterite 5. Sharp temperature contrasts between sunny and shady slopes, high diurnal temperature variability, temperature inversions, and altitude-dependent variability in rainfall are also common.

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