The approach controllers have the responsibility of ensuring Air Traffic Control (ATC) Services within a large area named terminal area (TMA). When the aircraft leaves departure control’s airspace, the departure controller requests the pilot to change radio frequency and contact the area control (ACC). AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel), GIVE WAY TO (description and position of other aircraft), FOLLOW (description of other aircraft or vehicle), HOLD (direction) OF (position, runway number, etc. [HOLD SHORT OF (active runway, extended runway centre line, other)]. State aircraft)], UNABLE RVSM DUE TURBULENCE (or EQUIPMENT, as applicable). Scandinavian 509, CLEARED to Stockholm Arlanda, CLIMB altitude 4000 feet, SQUAWK 3737, AFTER DEPARTURE maintain runway track, when passing 3000ft turn left direct Nicky VOR. (route) NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) ALTERNATIVE[S] IS/ARE (routes) ADVISE. ATC PHRASEOLOGY Quick Reference Departure Clearance “Frasca 141, cleared to Mesquite airport, via turn left heading 090, radar vectors to Mesquite airport. [THE MINIMUM FLIGHT ALTITUDE IS (altitude)]. A de-icing/anti-icing procedure in which the last step is the use of a mixture of 75% of a Type II fluid and 25% water, commencing at 13:35 local time, is recorded as follows: TYPE II/75 13:35 (followed by complete name of anti-icing fluid), Entering in aerodrome traffic circuit (VFR), Runway vacating and communication after landing, Manoeuvres during independent and dependent parallel approaches, Altitude Management to maintain separation, Phraseology used in PAN, DISTRESS situations faced by pilots, Loss of communication (limited use at IVAO), Reduced vertical separation minimum (RVSM) operation, Operational status of visuals aids or navigation aids, Capability of transponder equipment (SSR), http://mediawiki.ivao.aero/index.php?title=Complete_phraseology&oldid=7278, About IVAO - International Virtual Aviation Organisation, MAINTAIN (number) KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or KNOTS) [OR GREATER (or OR LESS)] [UNTIL (significant point)]. For specific information about each of the ATC services, please refer to the individual "Air Traffic Control Services" links found at the bottom of this page. Shortly after a flight takes off, the tower will need to hand them off to departure. For instance, Potomac Approach: Shenandoah Area and Potomac Approach: Chesapeake Area may be operated on secondary frequencies. The Government Notice which issues these regulations repeals the regulations published in RSA GN R.827/1963. The pilot will, when requested, report “RUNWAY VACATED” when the entire aircraft is beyond the relevant runway-holding position. This level is transmitted by using the following possibilities: This level description will be coded in the whole document as “(level)”, i.e. By, “what is the 400 AGL for” I meant what is its purpose? INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED BY (number) KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or KNOTS); SPEED (number) KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or KNOTS), CLIMB TO AND MAINTAIN BLOCK (level) TO (level), CLIMB TO REACH (level) AT (time or significant point), CLIMB TO (level), REPORT LEAVING/REACHING/PASSING (level), CLIMB AT (number) FEET PER MINUTE [OR GREATER/LESS], CLIMB AT (number) METRES PER SECOND [OR GREATER/LESS], REPORT STARTING ACCELERATION (or DECELERATION). [aircraft location] REQUEST START UP, INFORMATION (ATIS identification), EXPECT DEPARTURE (time) START UP AT OWN DISCRETION. The content of this documentation is intended for aviation simulation only and must not be used for real aviation operations. CROSSING LEFT TO RIGHT (or RIGHT TO LEFT); TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY HEADING (three digits) TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED] TRAFFIC (bearing by clock-reference and distance); TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number of degrees) DEGREES IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED] TRAFFIC AT (bearing by clock-reference and distance). (coordinates North/South) and (coordinates East/West), [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) (condition), [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) NOT CURRENT, CAUTION (specify reasons) RIGHT (or LEFT), (or BOTH SIDES) OF RUNWAY [number], CAUTION WORK IN PROGRESS (or OBSTRUCTION) (position and any necessary advice), RUNWAY REPORT AT (observation time) RUNWAY (number) (type of precipitant) UP TO (depth of deposit) MILLIMETRES. Approach and departure control services Departure Instructions. Departure from Namibia Regulation Act 34 of 1955 . The report “LONG FINAL” is made when aircraft turn on to final approach at a distance greater than 7 km (4 NM) from touchdown or when an aircraft on a straight-in approach is 15 km (8 NM) from touchdown. It shows up as green on the ATC panel. It can be used for specific management of some very specific events in IVAO. 0 Votes 0 Votes 0 Votes. ATC assumes responsibility for terrain and obstacle avoidance when IFR aircraft are below the minimum IFR altitude (MVA, MIA, MEA) and are taken off departure/ missed approach procedures, or are issued go-around instructions, except when utilizing a Diverse Vector Area (DVA) with an aircraft departing from the surface. It shows up as green on the ATC panel. ATC departure instructions: [AFTER DEPARTURE] TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (three digits) (or CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING) (or TRACK EXTENDED CENTRE LINE) TO (level or significant point) [(other instructions as required)] AFTER REACHING (or PASSING) (level or significant point) (instructions) TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING … Brevity is important, and contacts should be kept as brief as possible, but controllers must know what you want to do before they can properly carry out their control duties. DO NOT EXCEED (number) KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or KNOTS); INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED TO (number) KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or KNOTS) [OR GREATER (or OR LESS)]. The first air route traffic control center, which directs the movement of aircraft between departure and … ATC instructions to notify aircraft that the vectoring procedure is terminated: ATC instruction to request avoiding action: Pilot Instruction or answer to ATC in order to get vectoring guidance: ATC clearance to descend on a STAR which has published level and/or speed restrictions, where the pilot is to descend to the cleared level and comply with published level restrictions, follow the lateral profile of the STAR and comply with published speed restrictions or ATC issued speed control instructions: ATC clearance to cancel level restrictions of a STAR during descent: ATC clearance to cancel specific level restrictions of a STAR during descent: ATC clearance to cancel speed restrictions of a STAR during descent: ATC clearance to cancel specific speed restrictions of a STAR during descent: ATC clearance to descend and to cancel speed and level restrictions of a STAR: ACT clearance to pilot to perform a published holding procedure over a facility or fix: Pilot requests when he requests holding instructions if there are no published parameters to follow: ATC clearance for an IFR holding procedure when a detailed holding clearance is required: ATC Instruction when visual holding is required: When an aircraft is performing a long arrival or holding patterns, the ATC can issue an expected approach time: ATC clearance given to aircraft to perform a STAR or arrival procedure: ATC clearance to proceed direct with advance notice of a future instruction to rejoin the STAR: ATC instruction to instruct a pilot his expected procedure to perform during a vectoring procedure: ATC instruction to give information to pilot about manoeuvre in progress outside approach clearance: ATC clearance given to aircraft performing IFR approach: ATC instruction when he requests a position report: ATC instruction to request if a pilot is able to accept a visual approach: ATC instruction in case of successive visual approaches when the pilot of a succeeding aircraft has reported having the preceding aircraft in sight: ATC instruction when 2 aircraft are in visual separation: ATC instruction to ask a pilot if he is familiar with a procedure to anticipate any lack of knowledge: Pilot requests a descent below the minimum IFR altitude in VMC conditions: Pilot wishes to be positioned a specific distance from touchdown: ATC instruction for avoidance action when an aircraft is observed penetrating the NTZ: ATC instruction for avoidance action below 120 m (400 ft) above the runway threshold elevation where parallel approach obstacle assessment surfaces (PAOAS) criteria are being applied: ATC instructions to help pilots in approach phase when they are off-track for example: ATC instructions for the completion of approach: ATC instructions to maintain the level of an aircraft before any change given: Note: The term “MAINTAIN” shall not be used in lieu of “DESCEND” or “CLIMB” when instructing an aircraft to change level. REQUEST TOWING FROM (Aircraft location) TO (location), TOW APPROVED VIA (specific routing to be followed), RUNWAY (number), WIND (direction and speed) (units) QNH (or QFE) (number) [(units)] TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number), [VISIBILITY (distance) (units) (or RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) (distance) (units))] [TIME (time)], [aircraft type] [wake turbulence category if “heavy”] [aircraft location] REQUEST TAXI [intentions], [aircraft type] [wake turbulence category if “heavy”] [aircraft location] (flight rules) TO (aerodrome of destination) REQUEST TAXI [intentions], TAXI TO HOLDING POINT [number] [RUNWAY (number)] [HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY (number) (or CROSS RUNWAY (number))] [TIME (time)], TAXI TO HOLDING POINT [number] [RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed) [HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY (number) (or CROSS RUNWAY (number))] [TIME (time)], [aircraft type] [wake turbulence category if “heavy”] REQUEST DETAILED TAXI INSTRUCTIONS, TAXI TO HOLDING POINT [number] [RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed) [TIME (time)] [HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY (number) (or CROSS RUNWAY (number))], TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND) LEFT (or RIGHT), REQUEST AIR-TAXIING FROM (or VIA) TO (location or routing as appropriate), AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate) [CAUTION (dust, blowing snow, loose debris, taxiing light aircraft, personnel, etc. AIM, Para 5-2-9. Mark Kolber on Aug 28, 2013 . Thanks, Benny Approach and departure control are in the same ATC facility - usually a radar room at the base of the control tower for the Class B or C airport - but they may use different frequencies. TWO COOL LADIES piloting HEAVY MD-11F ULTIMATE COCKPIT MOVIE [AirClips full flight series] - Duration: 1:48:47. It is normally based at the airport involved, but may eventually be placed with the ARTCC's. Standard Instrument Departures are air traffic control (ATC) procedures printed for pilot/controller use in graphic form to provide obstruction clearance and a transition from the terminal area to the appropriate en route structure. Example: N52515, runway 10, cleared to land. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELYAND RETURN TO THE LOCALIZER (or GBAS/SBAS/MLS FINAL APPROACH COURSE), ILS (or MLS) RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT) LOCALIZER (or MLS) FREQUENCY IS (frequency), TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number) DEGREES (or HEADING) (three digits) IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPROACH], CLIMB TO (altitude), CLIMB TO (altitude) IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPROACH] (further instructions), COMMENCE DESCENT NOW [TO MAINTAIN A (number) DEGREE GLIDE PATH], (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN ALTITUDE (or HEIGHT) SHOULD BE (numbers and units), MAINTAIN (level) [TO (significant point)], MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL PASSING (significant point), MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL (minutes) AFTER PASSING (significant point), MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL ADVISED BY (name of ATC unit), MAINTAIN (level) WHILE IN CONTROLLED AIRSPACE, CROSS (significant point) AT (time) [OR LATER (or OR BEFORE)], ADVISE IF ABLE TO CROSS (significant point) AT (time or level), MAINTAIN MACH (number) [OR GREATER (or OR LESS)] [UNTIL (significant point)], MAINTAIN TRACK BETWEEN (significant point) AND (significant point). 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